Tag Archives: Teaching

Finger Family

By playing games and singing along, kids learn language and also exerience a different culure, besides to have a lot of fun during English lessons. Visit our Finger Family album on http://brazilianfriends.multiply.com/photos/album/70 . It’s impossible to teach these kids and not loving them.


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Which English?

Which English is the correct? Which pronunciation should be adopted? Every teacher have already answered to this kind of question. English has become a linguistic phenomenon and the whole planet has contributed to it.

Let us begin with Kachru’s classification of English as a World Language as consisting of three circles (Kachru, 1982, 1988).

1. The inner circle refers to the traditional bases of English, where it is the primary language. Included in this circle are the USA, UK, Ireland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The varieties of English used here are, in Kachru’s scheme,  ‘norm providing’. It means that 375 million people speak English as native speakers.

2. The outer or extended circle  involves the earlier phases of the spread of English in non-native settings, where the language has become part of a country’s chief institutions, and plays an important ‘second language’ role in a multilingual setting. Singapore, India, Malawi and over fifty other territories are included in this circle. The varieties used here are what Kachru calls ‘norm-developing’: in regions using these varieties there has been a conflict between lingusitic norm and linguistic behaviour. Such varieties are both endo- and exonormative. In other words, about 450 million people speak English as second language.

3. The expanding circle includes those nations which acknowledge the importance of English as an International Language. Historically, they do not belong to that group of countries which were colonised by members of the inner circle, and English doesn’t have any special intranational status or function. They constitute the context in which English is taught as  a ‘foreign’ language as the most useful vehicle of international communication. These are ‘norm-dependent’ varieties, and are essentially exonormative in Kachru’s terms. The biggest circle where 750 million people speak English for business, academic and cultural purposes.

750 million people from the third circle together with 450 other non native speakers learning and making use of the language, interacting in English every day means that English language has never been richer than it is now, new expressions have added different color and obviously, many, many different accents. Have you ever heard of Japlish, Spanglish, Hinglish?

This material might be interesting for teachers take a look at http://host.uniroma3.it/docenti/boylan/text/white01.htm and also the book  The Future of English by David Graddol www.britishcouncil.org/learning-elt-future.pdf

In the meantime, if you are one of these people who is still in doubt about what English to use next time you speak to someone, Amy Walker will surely help you to pick up a nice accent or you’d rather listen to my ‘Portuglish’.



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I know an old lady who swallowed a fly

I would like to share this amazing story with you all and also invite you to take a look at my students photo album of this story on http://brazilianfriends.multiply.com/photos/album/58/I-Know-an-old-lady-who-swallowed-a-fly and see how they enjoyed it, perhaps even more than I did. Maybe you want to take a step further and get some wiki information http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_Was_an_Old_Lady_Who_Swallowed_a_Fly.

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London Diary, July 25.

Foreign language teachers seem to think alike no matter what language they teach or where they live. In England schools also offer classes in foreign language, usually French, German or Spanish. The teachers with whom we had contact during the time we studied in London, have the same concerns that we foreign language teachers here in Brazil have when it comes to eliciting good reasons for our students to learn English. One might think: ‘if the entire planet is learning to speak English, why do I need to worry about learning another language?’ In the photo below we can see a language teacher in action in order to answer to this question, besides to engage students into studying a foreign language.

 And you? can you think of other reasons to study a foreign language? Leave us your comment.


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Canterbury Tales

If you like storytelling, you must visit Canterbury. The city is famous for the Canterbury Tales and it is amazing visiting the theatre where small groups move into different scenarios to listen to them. In the picture I am imitating the powerful ‘Wife of Bath’, one of the tales you can learn more about on  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wife_of_Bath’s_Tale and visit also the site http://www.canterburytales.org.uk/home.htm

Castles,  the Cathedral of St Thomas, the boat trips and the very streets of Canterbury make you feel yourself in medieval times.

Learn more: http://www.ecastles.co.uk/index.html

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Andrew Articles and Stories

Fantastic material for storytelling in ELT. According to the author:

‘This site is mainly intended to act as a library of stories and articles which I would like people to use if they find them of interest.

By offering what I have made I hope to put a grain of sand in the balance set against all the selfishness and greed, violence and prejudice in this world of ours.’

‘Modern technology is bringing down dictatorships…lets use it to build up companionship as well!’

Andrew Wright

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July 18, 2012 · 9:42 pm

The How to be British Collection

by  Martyn Alexander Ford, Peter Christopher Legon

Very funny way to describe British life.Drawing on their many years’ experience of teaching English as a Foreign Language the authors also offer the wider world a tongue-in-cheek guide on how to get around in English and at the same time make sense of our ‘funny ways’.  It’s a gentle brand of satire, and although there’s the occasional barbed arrow for bland food, fashion disasters or dubious standards of hygiene, the tone of The “How To Be British Collection” is more nostalgic than scornful, and the pet-loving, royal-watching, tea drinking characters that populate its pages are viewed with wry affection.

Learn more http://www.waterstones.com/waterstonesweb/products/martyn+alexander+ford/peter+christopher+legon/the+how+to+be+british+collection/3466442/

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